Children during Residency: It’s Easier if You’re a Man

Johanna Shapiro, PhD

This paper reports findings comparing views of male and female faculty and residents toward the experience of children during residency. Eighty-four faculty and 187 residents at a major university medical center were surveyed. Results indicated that all participants felt it was more difficult for the woman resident than for the male resident to become a parent during residency. All subject groups, except female residents, felt female residents should postpone their families until after residency. All subject groups also agreed that their departments had a more favorable attitude toward the resident with a pregnant spouse than toward the pregnant resident herself The article concludes with policy suggestions elicited from both sets of respondents.

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