Socialization of Sex Roles in the Counseling Setting: Differential Counselor Behavioral and Attitudinal Responses to Typical and Atypical Female Sex Roles

Johanna Shapiro, PhD

Counseling and therapy have frequently been attacked by feminists for the role they play in socializing women to a limited and ultimately untenable sex role. Male counselors in particular have been singled out as special oppressors of women. This study attempted to determine whether, in fact, counselor behavior and attitudes operated as a means of sex-role socialization, and whether male counselors tended to be more biased than female counselors when interacting with female clients.

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